One of the kidneys’ most important tasks is to maintain fluid and mineral balance by filtering the blood. Hemodialysis treatment is necessary when the kidneys of patients who have been diagnosed with chronical kidney failure cannot fulfill this task.

Hemodialysis treatment is the process of adjusting the fluid and mineral balance while passing through a special filter (dialyzer) and transferring the blood back to the patient after it has been drawn from the patient via an appropriate vascular access (fistula – graft – catheter) with a dialysis machine.

The duration of this procedure is 4 hours and it is performed 3 times a week. The patients should maintain a balanced diet in order to keep a high life quality. They should be cautious with salt and water consumption and be careful with the consumption of vegetables and fruits.

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